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Resource EcoShape


Website that includes guidance tools and case studies

Guidance Global Infrastructure Hub

The Role of Infrastructure in the Circular Economy

Guidance Urban Nature Labs

Performance and Impact Monitoring of Nature-Based Solutions

Resource Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

Guidebook for Monitoring and Evaluating Ecosystem-based Adaptation Interventions.

Guidance UK Green Building Council

Principles for delivering urban Nature-based Solutions.

Principle 53.

Guidance ISO

ISO 37101:2016 Sustainable development in communities: Management system for sustainable development

Requirements with guidance for use (Chapter 6)

Best Practice United States Environmental Protection Agency

Operation and Maintenance Considerations for Green Infrastructure

Guidance Connecting Nature

Connecting Nature Enterprise Platform

Guidance European Commission

Public procurement of nature-based solutions

Guidance Blue Solutions

Blue Nature-based Solutions in Nationally Determined Contributions – A Booklet for Successful Implementation

Guidance World Federation of Engineering Organizations

Guidebook for Capacity Building in the Engineering Environment

Tool EnviroCert International

International Green Infrastructure Certification Program (IGICP)

Tool Infrastructure Sustainability Council

Infrastructure Sustainability (Australia & New Zealand)

Tool Global Infrastructure Basel

The Standard for Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure

Tool Convention on Biological Diversity’s

The Singapore Index on Cities’ Biodiversity

Tool European Union European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)

The green space factor and the green points system

Best Practice Urban Green UP

Urban Green UP Catalogue of NbS

Guidance City Adapt

Guía Técnica Para La Restauración Riparia

Technical Guide en español

Guidance BSI

BS EN ISO 14091:2021 Adaptation to climate change. Guidelines on vulnerability, impacts and risk assessment


Guidance CIRIA

Guidance on the construction of SuDS (C768)

Guidance Asian Development Bank

Nature Based Solutions for Building Resilience in Towns and Cities

Guidance Elena Gunn

Nature-Based Solutions and Water Security, 1st Edition

Resource Think Nature

Nature-based Solutions Handbook

Chapter Six.

Guidance Global Centre on Adaptation

Innovative Financing Models for Private Sector Investment in Nature Based Solutions for Adaptation

Guidance Earthsecurity

Financing the Earth’s Assets: The Case for Mangroves

Resource Mónica A. Altamirano

Leveraging Private Sector Investments in Adaptation

Guidance EcoShape

Paving the way for scaling up investment in nature-based solutions along coasts and rivers – How to finance and accelerate implementation of nature-based solutions

Guidance UNDP

Catalysing Climate Finance: A Guidebook on Policy and Financing Options to Support Green, Low-Emission and Climate-Resilient Development —Version 1.0.

Guidance Federal Emergency Management Agency

Building Community Resilience with Nature-Based Solutions

Guidance International Labour Organisation

Nature Hires: How Nature-based Solutions can power a green jobs recovery

Guidance EcoShape

Building with Nature Approach – Building with Nature to restore eroding tropical muddy coasts

Tool International Institute for Sustainable Development

ALivE – Adaptation, Livelihoods and Ecosystems Planning Tool

Guidance IIED

Ecosystem-based adaptation: a handbook for EbA in mountain, dryland and coastal ecosystems

Guidance Global Resource Centre

Nature-based Infrastructure (NBI)

Tool International Institute for Sustainable Development

Sustainable Asset Valuation (SAVi) tool

Guidance Connecting Nature

Financing and Business Models Guidebook

Guidance CLEVER Cities

D5.3 Governance, business and finance models

Best Practice World Wildlife Fund

Bankable Nature Solutions

Guidance EcoShape

Business Case Guidance of BwN in the Delta – Terminology and Concepts

Guidance Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

Valuing the Benefits, Costs and Impacts of Ecosystem-based Adaptation Measures

White paper United Nations

Developing the economic case for ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA)

Guidance UNDP

Smart, Sustainable and Resilient cities: the Power of Nature-based Solutions

Guidance CLEVER Cities

D4.3 Monitoring strategy in the FR interventions

Guidance European Commission

Evaluating the impact of nature-based solutions

Chapters Three and Four.

Guidance European Commission

Chapter 4 of The solution is in nature

Guidance IUCN

Global Standard for Nature-based Solutions. A user-friendly framework for the verification, design and scaling up of NbS

Criterion 5

Guidance IIED

Step 1 of Ecosystem-based adaptation: a handbook for EbA in mountain, dryland and coastal ecosystems

Guidance IUCN

A Manual for Gender-Responsive Land Degradation Neutrality Transformative Projects and Programmes


Courses on Nature-based Solutions for Disaster and Climate Resilience

Tool International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the Federal Ministry for the Environment Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Germany

Mangrove restoration potential: Mapping tool.

Guidance University of Oxford

Nature-based Solutions Evidence Platform

Guidance Acclimatise

Increasing Infrastructure Resilience with Nature-based Solutions

Guidance Swiss Re Institute

Chapter 3 of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services A business case for re/insurance

Guidance UNDP

Pathway For Increasing Nature-based Solutions In NDCS. A Seven-Step Approach for Enhancing Nationally Determined Contributions through Nature-based Solutions

Resource CLEVER Cities

Multi-level policy framework for sustainable urban development and nature-based solutions

Guidance IUCN

Nature-based Solutions in Nationally Determined Contribution

Guidance World Wildlife Fund

Enhancing NDCs through Nature-based Solutions


Chapter 7 Nature-Based Solutions and Water Security, 1st Edition, Jan Cassin John Matthews Elena Gunn,

Guidance European Environment Agency

Nature Based Solutions in Europe: Policy, knowledge and practice for climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction


Integrating ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) into national planning

Guidance Green-Gray Community of Practice

Practical Guide to Implementing Green-Gray Infrastructure

Guidance City Finance Leadership Alliance

Summary of Good Practice of Successful Project Preparation Facilities

This document analyses project preparation tools, approaches, main bottlenecks, and solutions, by presenting three case studies as well as highlights from experts’ interviews. Each case study focuses on a project preparation facility (PPF) that is active at the subnational level in either Latin America or Asia.

Guidance European Financing Institutions Working Group on Adaptation to Climate Change

Integrating climate change information and adaptation in project development: Emerging experience from practitioners

This document brings together emerging experience in the development of strategies and plans, pre-feasibility and feasibility studies. It is intended to help practitioners ensure that climate change risks and vulnerabilities are properly assessed and that appropriate and robust adaptation measures are implemented.

Guidance European Commission

Climate change adaptation of major infrastructure projects: A stock-taking of available resources to assist the development of climate resilient infrastructure

This study reviewed the availability of resource materials that can support developers to integrate climate change adaptation into infrastructure projects. It provides a summary of available resources that contribute to the preparedness of all EU Member States with regards to applying the climate change requirements of the EuropeanStructural and Investment Funds programming period 2014-2020. It also identifies some of the ongoing good practices of Member States in adapting to climate change

Guidance Global Infrastructure Hub

Governmental processes facilitating infrastructure project preparation

This document provides a practical guide for Governments to improve project preparation practices. It provides guidance on the enabling environment, financing, infrastructure planning and project prioritisation, project feasibility, reviews and approvals, and project communication. This is supported by a series of case studies

Resource World Bank

Lifelines: The Resilient Infrastructure Opportunity – Strengthening New Infrastructure Assets A Cost-Benefit Analysis

This supplementary report to the World Banks Lifelines document explores at a deeper level the benefits and costs associated with making infrastructure systems resilient to climate change. It provides broad analysis of thousands of scenarios at a system level to display the benefits of resilience. 

Resource Inter-American Development Bank

A Framework and Principles for Climate Resilience Metrics in Financing Operations

The report outlines a broad and flexible approach that can be applied to both assets and systems to assess the quality of infrastructure design and its performance results. Examples are provided to illustrate metrics at the input and output levels and showcase a hybrid approach to finance and monitoring.  

Guidance World Bank

Resilience Rating System : A Methodology for Building and Tracking Resilience to Climate Change

The World Bank has developed a Resilience Rating System that considers both the resilience of infrastructure and the resilience that infrastructure offers to society. The system is designed to enable decision makers to track resilience, identify best practice and assess the benefits. The report provides guidance on how to mitigate risk across different sectoral and country contexts.

Guidance Global Centre on Adaptation

Driving Finance Today for the Climate Resilient Society of Tomorrow

This report by the GCA provides a thorough review of the current situation within the finance sector identifying barriers restricting access to financing for climateresilient development. It provides recommendations for lifting the limit on financial flows and making developments more robust with longer-term perspectives.

Guidance Institute of Civil Engineering

Project 13. From Transactions to Enterprises: A new approach to delivering high performing infrastructure

Institute of Civil Engineers (UK) document that outlines the key aspects of the Project 13 approach to procurement.

Guidance Inter-American Development Bank

Climate Resilient Public Private Partnerships: A Toolkit for Decision Makers

Contains easy to use tools and guidance for a number of procurement activities. This resource also focuses on PPPs but many of the tools could be used on other types of project.

Guidance Global Centre on Adaptation

Climate Resilient Infrastructure Officer: Handbook. Knowledge Module on Public Private Partnerships and Climate Resilient Infrastructure

Provides useful guidance on many areas of climate resilience within procurement from a PPP perspective, with broader applicability too. 

Guidance London Climate Change Partnership

Adapting to Climate Change. The Role of Public Procurement

A useful resource for highlighting the importance of different aspects of procurement for climate change adaptation.

Guidance ISO

BS ISO 20400:2017 Sustainable procurement – Guidance

While this resource is sustainability focused it contains guidance on a number of procurement actions with high applicability for climate resilience too. 


Guidance Procedia Engineering

Improving Socially Sustainable Design and Construction in Developing Countries

This document is relevant for construction projects in an international development context and provides clear recommendations to build sustainably and to ensure successful implementation and adoption. The recommendations can be applied to buildings as well as infrastructure.

Guidance UNEP

A Practical Guide to Climate-resilient Buildings & Communities.

This UNEP document focusses on design; however, the conclusion of this report includes a list of questions that a contractor can use to assess whether climate resilience has been considered. It can be included in on-site quality control documentation.

Guidance European Commission

Technical guidance on the climate proofing of infrastructure in the period 2021-2027

This report by the European Commission is intended to provide technical guidance on climate proofing infrastructure. Chapter 4 provides recommendations on climate proofing across the project lifecycle, including construction. Annexes C and D also provide further considerations for climate proofing infrastructure during the construction phase.

Guidance Canadian Construction Association

Strength, Resilience, Sustainability

This report has been prepared by the Canadian Construction Association and includes recommendations for the Government to adapt to climate change with respect to infrastructure investment. This report is an example of how the construction industry has come together to leverage their influence to promote climate adaptation and resilience.

Guidance Cowes: Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Completing the Picture: How the Circular Tackles Climate Change

Concentrating on five key areas this report illustrates how designing out waste, keeping materials in use, and regenerating farmland can significantly reduce emissions. It demonstrates how businesses, financial institutions, and policymakers can build a resilient economy while playing an essential role in reaching climate targets.

Guidance Arup

Cirecl E: from Decommissioning to Regeneration

In this report, Arup evaluate some of ways in which Circular Economy principles can be applied to the decommissioning of existing Energy Power plants, exploring the social, economic, and environmental benefits this creates for the local communities and surrounding areas. It explores the applications that Circular Economy principles can have in the design and operation of new power plants.

Guidance Curtin University

Developing Policies for the end-of-life of energy infrastructure: coming to terms with the challenges of decommissioning.

This paper introduces the magnitude and variety of net-positive end-of-life challenges to encourage the development of reasonable policies for current and future decommissioning projects. The paper provides the basis for the interdisciplinary thinking required to deliver an integrated decommissioning policy that incorporates circular economy principles to maximize value throughout the lifecycle of energy infrastructure.

Guidance United Nations

Managing Infrastructure Assets for Sustainable Development

Chapter 6 of this handbook provides details on the impact of climate change on asset management, climate hazard and risk assessment, and high level guidance on interventions to mitigate climate risk at the Operations and Maintenance phase.

Resource Institute of Asset Management

Asset Management – An Anatomy

Outlines good practice for asset management. Although this is not from an explicit climate resilience standpoint, many of the practices are beneficial for implementing climate resilience.

Guidance AXA

Understanding Infrastructure Interdependencies in Cities

Outlines different approaches to infrastructure interdependency assessment with an urban focus. Includes details on a series of city pilot studies.

Guidance US AID

Climate resilient Development: A Framework for Understanding and Addressing Climate Change

Sets out a high-level framework for climate resilience and infrastructure development, including design. Sector-specific guidance is also available which applies this framework.